What are ecology trends and what are the problems associated with ecology? All these questions and more are important if one wants to venture into living green and helping the environment. So if this describes at least one of your life goals, you are at the right place.
History of Ecology / The Father of Ecology
Ecology has been around since the 4th century B.C. but it was on the 2nd half of the 20th century that it achieved public prominence and become known as a distinct discipline.
Throughout the 18th and the beginning of the 19th century, large maritime expeditions were initiated to extend maritime commerce and discover new natural resources. The explorations were joined by many scientists, one of them is Alexander von Humboidt, the one who is frequently considered the Father of Ecology. He was the first to analyze the association among organisms and their environment.
History of Ecology / Mobius & Warming
The concept of biocoenosis is recognized by Karl Mobius in 1877, who at the time identified that species were not independent of each other, being grouped into plant species, animal species, and into communities of living beings.
Eugen Warming formulated a new discipline that took abiotic factors as seriously as biotic factors in the assembly of biotic communities. His goal is to clarify and give account for why species occurred under a certain set of environmental conditions, such as why do they dwell in similar environment, experience similar risks and danger, and solve problems in similar ways, despite different phylogenic crash.
History of Ecology / Edward Suess
The growth of ecological thought happened early in the 20th century. Ecology had developed due to the discoveries of new chemistry also known as the nitrogen cycle. It was Edward Suess, an Austrian who proposed the term biosphere after observing that life only developed within the strict limits of earth’s partition that makes up the atmosphere, hydrosphere and lithosphere.
History of Ecology / The Role of Geoghraphy
Over the 19th century, biogeography was formed, the science which deals with habitats of species. The combination of botanical geography and geography look for reasons to explain the presence of certain species in a given locality. But it was in 1935 that a British ecologist created the term ecosystem, a system ascertained between the group of living creatures and the environment in which they live.
History of Ecology / The Social Sciences
Ecology’s influence in the social sciences and humanities began in the 1920’s. It started when changes in vegetation succession on Chicago have been studied. Human ecology, as it is called, became a distinct field of study in the year 1970’s. This marked that humans were first recognized as a major ecological factor who colonized all of the Earth’s continents. Thus, environmentalists and other conservationists have used ecology and other sciences for their advocacy positions.
Their scientific work have direct influence on policy and political debate often set an ecological research. Different traces has been made with regards to the history of ecolgy. Ecology as a modern science has been traced to Darwin’s publication and Haeckel’s subsequent naming of the science for Darwin’s theory. Awareness of humankind’s effect on its environment has been tracked down to Gilbert White in the 18th century, even the nature’s awareness and its interactions can be found beyond time.
It was in 1971, when ecology became an essential and fundamental part of the Wolrd’s politics, when UNESO launched a research program with the idea of increasing familiarity about the mutual relationship between humans and nature. Ecological Society of America (ESA) has been involved in a conservation perspective.
The conflict between pure ecology and applied ecology, trying to be understood, explained, described and repair had been in existence after the World War II. Perception about ecology being precise and quantitative have been discussed. Some conservationists have been secretly repulsed, some have raised endowment.
It is the danger in biosphere that made a big recognition from an international point of view at a conference leading to the Kyoto Protocol in 1997, highlighting the increasing dangers of greenhouse gasses in the atmosphere leading to global climatic changes. The world recognized the importance of ecology, taking into account the impact of humans on Earth’s environment.
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